17 which of the following is an effect of cold at the cellular level? Ultimate Guide

17 which of the following is an effect of cold at the cellular level? Ultimate Guide

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2023] 12 Which Of The Following Is An Effect Of Cold At The Cellular Level? Advanced Guides [1]

You are reading about which of the following is an effect of cold at the cellular level?. Here are the best content from the team C0 thuy son tnhp synthesized and compiled from many sources, see more in the category How To.
6 Cross-Adaptation: Heat and Cold Adaptation to Improve Physiological and Cellular Responses to Hypoxia [5]. 8 Angiostatic freeze or angiogenic move? Acute cold stress prevents angiokine secretion from murine myotubes but primes primary endothelial cells for greater migratory capacity [7]
Cool the core: How being cold during and after exercise affects your body on the cellular level. Cool the core: How being cold during and after exercise affects your body on the cellular level

A Review of Raynaud’s Disease [2]

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a relatively common but often unrecognized clinical syndrome causing characteristic color changes in the digits as a result of vasospasm. This may occur after exposure to a cold environment, emotional stress, or from other physical or medication exposures
Referral to a rheumatologist is recommended to help evaluate for an underlying rheumatologic condition and to guide future therapy.. Community-based surveys estimate Raynaud’s may be present in 5–20% of women and in 4–14% of men
This tends to be more common in young females and can be familial.2 Primary Raynaud’s may remit over time. A prospective study over seven years in a middle age Caucasian white population found remission occurred in 64% of women and men although some symptoms remained in about 20% of those labeled as remission.3

Therapeutic Modalities [3]

Physical Modalities are manually applied agents that yield a specific therapeutic response. This review focuses on both commonly and uncommonly used physical modalities including heat (superficial and deep), cold, sound, electricity, mechanical forces, and light.
Superficial heat penetration is usually less than 1 cm.1,62 In contrast, the use of deep heat penetration is up to about 3-5 cm.62. – Commonly used superficial heat modalities include hot packs, heating pads, paraffin bath, infrared, ultrasound, and fluidotherapy.
Convection is transfer of heat by fluid circulation (liquid or gas) over the surface of a body (example: fluidotherapy). Conversion is changing of one energy form into another (example: ultrasound, radiant heat).

Do You Play Sports? Therapeutic Massage Can Help You! [4]

Do You Play Sports? Therapeutic Massage Can Help You Perform Better. You’re well aware of the commitment required if you’re an athlete
As a result, you’re likely to hit a hurdle along the route owing to sore or stiff muscles.. Massage therapy relieves discomfort and loosens tight areas, allowing you to recuperate faster and get back into the game.
Many tiny, thin fibers make up your muscles, which contract on command and work together to activate your muscle groups. Tendons connect these muscles to your bones, allowing them to move your body parts.

Heat Transfer – Lesson [5]

Subject Areas: Physical Science, Physics, Problem Solving. SummaryStudents explore heat transfer and energy efficiency using the context of energy efficient houses
They learn about the many ways solar energy is used as a renewable energy source to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses and operating costs. Students also explore ways in which a device can capitalize on the methods of heat transfer to produce a beneficial result
Energy transfer, and specifically the transfer of thermal energy, is a fundamental area of study for all engineers. Radiation makes the Earth habitable for humans, and provides us with renewable solar energy

Cross-Adaptation: Heat and Cold Adaptation to Improve Physiological and Cellular Responses to Hypoxia [6]

To prepare for extremes of heat, cold or low partial pressures of oxygen (O2), humans can undertake a period of acclimation or acclimatization to induce environment-specific adaptations, e.g. heat acclimation (HA), cold acclimation (CA), or altitude training
Cross-adaptation is a term used to describe the phenomenon whereby alternative environmental interventions, e.g. HA or CA, may be a beneficial alternative to altitude interventions, providing physiological stress and inducing adaptations observable at altitude
CA appears to improve physiological responses to altitude by attenuating the autonomic response to altitude. While no cross-acclimation-derived exercise performance/capacity data have been measured following CA, post-HA improvements in performance underpinned by aerobic metabolism, and therefore dependent on O2 delivery at altitude, are likely

Effects of Mild Cold Shock (25°C) Followed by Warming Up at 37°C on the Cellular Stress Response [7]

Temperature variations in cells, tissues and organs may occur in a number of circumstances. We report here that reducing temperature of cells in culture to 25°C for 5 days followed by a rewarming to 37°C affects cell biology and induces a cellular stress response
The expression of cold shock genes, CIRBP and RBM3, was increased at 25°C and returned to basal level upon rewarming while that of heat shock protein HSP70 was inversely regulated. An activation of pro-apoptotic pathways was evidenced by FACS analysis and increased Bax/Bcl2 and BclXS/L ratios
However, a large proportion of cells were dying 24 hours after rewarming. The occurrence of DNA damage was evidenced by the increased phosphorylation of p53 and H2AX, a hallmark of DNA breaks

Effects of winter swimming on haematological parameters [8]

Winter swimming (WS), is a cold-based activity practised during wintertime in frozen rivers, lakes or sea and, it is mainly practised in Northern countries that are characterized by long winters and low temperature averages (1). WS is rarely performed in Mediterranean countries, although in some regions a continental climate is dominant, including very low winter temperatures and icing of lakes and rivers
Other than the recreational aspect of this activity, WS and the whole-body cryotherapy treatment are peculiar cold-based procedures for fitness able to improve general well-being, but they are also considered to be effective in reinforcing against respiratory tract infections and relieving from musculoskeletal pains (2). Indeed cold-based procedures have long been used to relieve pain and inflammatory symptoms, to reduce muscular discomfort and to improve recovery following muscle traumas accounting for the intrinsic analgesic effects (3,4), although an universal acceptance as a real therapy is not still achieved.
However, the conditioning efficiency depends on physical characteristics, intensity and duration of the exposure (5).. We have previously demonstrated that whole-body cryotherapy did not enhance haematological values, as judged from haemoglobin concentrations and the number of erythrocytes, reticulocytes, leukocytes, and platelets (6); the treatment was beneficial for muscle recovery following regular training and, at the same time, it induced a decrease in pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines and an increase in anti-inflammatory cytokines (7)

Side Effects of a Bone Marrow Transplant (Stem Cell Transplant) [9]

A bone marrow transplant is a medical treatment that replaces your bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells. It is also called a stem cell transplant or, more specifically, a hematopoietic stem cell transplant
Like any cancer treatment, it can cause side effects. These side effects can be different for everyone and depend on the type of transplant you receive, your general health, and other factors.
This includes short-term side effects that are expected to go away over time, as well as side effects that may occur later, last longer, or be permanent. This will help you feel more prepared and supported if a side effect does occur.

Cold Environments – General [10]

– Why should we be concerned about working in the cold?. – How do we produce and retain heat within the body?
– Are there any factors that determine an individual’s response to the cold?. Why should we be concerned about working in the cold?Back to top
It is critical that the body be able to preserve core body temperature steady at + 37°C (+ 98.6°F). This thermal balance must be maintained to preserve normal body functioning as well as provide energy for activity (or work!)

What is Sickle Cell Disease? [11]

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen
In someone who has SCD, the hemoglobin is abnormal, which causes the red blood cells to become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle.” The sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of red blood cells. Also, when they travel through small blood vessels, they get stuck and clog the blood flow
The specific type of SCD a person has depends on the genes they inherited from their parents. People with SCD inherit genes that contain instructions, or code, for abnormal hemoglobin.

How is the cell membrane affected by temperature? [12]

Cells and cell membranes function best at normal physiological temperatures. Both higher and lower temperatures affect various aspects of the cell membrane including its structure and permeability
Higher temperatures increase fluidity and permeability. Too high or too low temperatures can cause serious damage to the cell and the cell membrane
– At temperatures slightly higher than the physiological temperature, the fatty acid tails of the phospholipids become less rigid and the phospholipids have enough kinetic energy to overcome the intermolecular forces that hold the membrane together. This increases membrane fluidity as well as its permeability

Cold shock proteins: from cellular mechanisms to pathophysiology and disease – Cell Communication and Signaling [13]

Cold shock proteins: from cellular mechanisms to pathophysiology and disease. Cell Communication and Signaling volume 16, Article number: 63 (2018)
In humans, the best characterized members of this family are denoted Y-box binding proteins, such as Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1). Biological activities range from the regulation of transcription, splicing and translation, to the orchestration of exosomal RNA content
Evidence links a skewed cold shock protein expression pattern with cancer and inflammatory diseases. In this review the evidence for a causative involvement of cold shock proteins in disease development and progression is summarized

Frostbite [14]

Frostbite is damage to skin and tissue caused by exposure to freezing temperatures – typically any temperature below -0.55C (31F).. Frostbite can affect any part of your body, but the extremities, such as the hands, feet, ears, nose and lips, are most likely to be affected.
If exposure to the cold continues, you may feel pins and needles before the area becomes numb as the tissues freeze.. If you think you or someone else may have frostbite, call your GP or NHS 111 for advice.
A doctor will examine the affected area, check your vital signs, and ask how you got frostbite.. You may need a follow-up appointment or referral to a specialist, as the full extent of a frostbite injury often isn’t apparent until a few days later.

Short-Term Head-Out Whole-Body Cold-Water Immersion Facilitates Positive Affect and Increases Interaction between Large-Scale Brain Networks [15]

Short-Term Head-Out Whole-Body Cold-Water Immersion Facilitates Positive Affect and Increases Interaction between Large-Scale Brain Networks. Controlling Physiological Responses to Cold-Water Immersion
Increased Cardio-Respiratory Activity Resulting from CWI. Self-Report of Increasing Positive and Decreasing Negative Affect after CWI
Functional Connections Explaining Enhanced Positive Affect after CWI. Functional Connections Explaining Reducing Negative Affect after CWI

Cryotherapy [16]

Cryotherapy, sometimes known as cold therapy, is the local or general use of low temperatures in medical therapy. Cryotherapy may be used to treat a variety of tissue lesions.[1] The most prominent use of the term refers to the surgical treatment, specifically known as cryosurgery or cryoablation
Cryotherapy is used in an effort to relieve muscle pain, sprains and swelling after soft tissue damage or surgery. For decades, it has been commonly used to accelerate recovery in athletes after exercise
While cryotherapy is widely used, there is little evidence as to its efficacy that has been replicated by or shown in large controlled studies. Its long-term side effects have also not been studied.[3][4] However, it is important to note that a number of studies have shown a possible association between cryotherapy and adverse effects

Sickle Cell Disease [17]

That’s the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen to the tissues of the body. So, sickle cell disease interferes with the delivery of oxygen to the tissues.
Cells with sickle cell hemoglobin are stiff and sticky. When they lose their oxygen, they form into the shape of a sickle or crescent, like the letter C
This can block small blood vessels and the movement of healthy, normal oxygen-carrying blood. But, sickle cells only live for about 10 to 20 days

which of the following is an effect of cold at the cellular level?
17 which of the following is an effect of cold at the cellular level? Ultimate Guide


  1. https://c0thuysontnhp.edu.vn/12-which-of-the-following-is-an-effect-of-cold-at-the-cellular-level-advanced-guides/
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6139949/#:~:text=Raynaud’s%20phenomenon%20is%20a%20relatively,other%20physical%20or%20medication%20exposures.
  3. https://now.aapmr.org/therapeutic-modalities/#:~:text=Physiologic%20effects%3A%20Thermal%20energy%20(high,and%20elasticity%20of%20connective%20tissues.&text=Heat%20increases%20blood%20flow%20and,edema%20and%20exacerbate%20acute%20inflammation.
  4. https://ptofmelissa.com/do-you-play-sports-therapeutic-massage-can-help-you-perform-better/#:~:text=There%20are%20different%20types%20of,adhesions%2C%20freeing%20them%20from%20constriction.
  5. https://www.teachengineering.org/lessons/view/cub_housing_lesson01#:~:text=Convection%3A%20Convection%20is%20the%20transfer,its%20thermal%20energy%20with%20it.
  6. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40279-017-0717-z
  7. https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0069687
  8. https://www.biochemia-medica.com/en/journal/21/1/10.11613/BM.2011.014
  9. https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/how-cancer-treated/bone-marrowstem-cell-transplantation/side-effects-bone-marrow-transplant-stem-cell-transplant
  10. https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/cold/cold_general.html
  11. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/facts.html
  12. https://www.aatbio.com/resources/faq-frequently-asked-questions/how-is-the-cell-membrane-affected-by-temperature
  13. https://biosignaling.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12964-018-0274-6
  14. https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/frostbite/
  15. https://www.mdpi.com/2079-7737/12/2/211
  16. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryotherapy
  17. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/sickle-cell-disease
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